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 Information about Islam

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تاريخ التسجيل : 15/12/2010
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مُساهمةموضوع: Information about Islam   الخميس يناير 13, 2011 9:20 pm

  • What is islam?

    Islam
    is not a new religion* but the same truth that God revealed through all
    His prophets to every people. For a fifth of the world's population*
    Islam is both a religion and a complete way of life. Muslims follow a
    religion of peace* mercy* and forgiveness* and the majority have nothing
    to do with the extremely grave events which have come to be associated
    with their faith.



    A Moroccan in prayer Muslims praying in Jerusalem outside the Dome of the Rock
  • Who are the Muslims?

    One
    billion people from a vast range of races* nationalities and cultures
    across the globe - from the southern Philippines to Nigeria - are united
    by their common Islamic faith.about18% live in the Arab world; the world's largest Muslim community is in
    Indonesia; substantial parts of Asia and most of Africa are Muslim*
    while significant minorities are to be found in the Soviet Union* China*
    North and South America* and Europe.


  • What do Muslims believe?

    Muslims
    believe in One* Unique* Incomparable God; in the Angels created by Him;
    in the prophets through whom His revelations were brought to mankind;
    in the Day of Judgement and individual accountability for actions; in
    God's complete authority over human destiny and in life after death.
    Muslims believe in a chain of prophets starting with Adam and including
    Noah* Abraham* Ishmael* Isaac* Jacob* Joseph* Job* Moses* Aaron* David*
    Solomon* Elias* Jonah* John the Baptist* and Jesus* peace be upon them.
    But God's final message to man* a reconfirmation of the eternal message
    and a summing-up of all that has gone before was revealed to the Prophet
    Muhammad through Gabriel.


  • How does someone become a Muslim?

    Simply by saying 'there is no god apart from God* and Muhammad is the messenger of God.' By this declaration the believer announces his or her faith in all God's messengers* and the scriptures they brought.

  • What does 'Islam' mean?

    The
    Arabic word 'Islam' simply means 'submission'* and derives from a word
    meaning 'peace'. In a religious context it means complete submission to
    the will of God. 'Mohammedanism' is thus a misnomer because it suggests
    that Muslims worship Muhammad rather than God. 'Allah' is the Arabic
    name for God* which is used by Arab Muslims and Christians alike.


  • Why does Islam often seem strange?

    Islam
    may seem exotic or even extreme in the modern world. Perhaps this is
    because religion does not dominate everyday life in the West today*
    whereas Muslims have religion always uppermost in their minds* and make
    no division between secular and sacred. They believe that the Divine
    Law* the Shari'a* should be taken very seriously* which is why issues
    related to religion are still so important.


  • Do Islam and Christianity have different origins?

    No.
    Together with Judaism* they go back to the prophet and patriarch
    Abraham* and their three prophets are directly descended from his sons
    Muhammad from the eldest* Ishmael* and Moses and Jesus from Isaac.
    Abraham established the settlement which today is the city of Makkah*
    and built the Ka'ba towards which all Muslims turn when they pray.


  • What is the Ka'ba?

    The Ka'ba is the place of worship which God commanded Abraham and Ishmael to build over four thousand
    years ago. The building was constructed of stone on what many believe
    was the original site of a sanctuary established by Adam. God commanded
    Abraham to summon all mankind to visit this place* and when pilgrims go
    there today they say 'At Thy service* O Lord'* in response to Abraham's
    summons.




  • Who is Muhammad?

    Muhammad*
    was born in Makkah in the year 570* at a time when Christianity was not
    yet fully established in Europe. Since his father died before his
    birth* and his mother shortly afterwards* he was raised by his uncle
    from the respected tribe of Quraysh. As he grew up* he became known for
    his truthfulness* generosity
    and sincerity* so that he was sought after for his ability to arbitrate
    in disputes. The historians describe him as calm and meditative.


    Muhammad
    was of a deeply religious nature* and had long detested the decadence
    of his society. It became his habit to meditate from time to time in the
    Cave of Hira near the summit of Jabal al-Nur* the 'Mountain of Light'
    near Makkah.


  • How did Muhammad become a prophet and a messenger of God?

    At
    the age of 40* while engaged in a meditative retreat* Muhammad received
    his first revelation from God through the Angel Gabriel. This
    revelation* which continued for twenty-three years* is known as the
    Quran.




    The Mountain of Lightwhere Gabriel came toProphet Muhammad.
    As
    soon as he began to recite the words he heard from Gabriel* and to
    preach the truth which God had revealed to him* he and his small group
    of followers suffered bitter persecution* which grew so fierce that in
    the year 622 God gave them the command to emigrate. This event* the
    Hijra* 'migration'* in which they left Makkah for the city of Madinah
    some 260 miles to the north* marks the beginning of the Muslim calendar.


    After
    several years* the Prophet and his followers were able to return to
    Makkah* where they forgave their enemies and established Islam
    definitively. Before the Prophet died at the age of 63* the greater part
    of arabia was Muslim* and within a century of his death Islam had spread to Spain in the West and as far East as China.


    The Prophet's Mosque* Madinah* the dome indicates the place where his house stood and where he is buried.
  • How did the spread of Islam affect the world?

    Among
    the reasons for the rapid and peaceful spread of Islam was the
    simplicity of its doctrine - Islam calls for faith in only One God
    worthy of worship. It also repeatedly instructs man to use his powers of
    intelligence and observation.




    Taj Mahal* India. Hui Shen Mosque* China*
    Built in the 7th
    Century.
    Within
    a few years* great civilizations and universities were flourishing* for
    according to the Prophet* 'seeking knowledge is an obligation for every
    Muslim man and woman'. The synthesis of Eastern and Western ideas and
    of new thought with old* brought about great advances in medicine*
    mathematics* physics* astronomy* geography* architecture*
    art* literature* and history. Many crucial systems such as algebra* the
    Arabic numerals* and also the concept of the zero (vital to the
    advancement of mathematics)* were transmitted to medieval Europe from
    Islam. Sophisticated instruments which were to make possible the
    European voyages of discovery were developed* including the astrolabe*
    the quadrant and good navigational maps












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